The Hochtaunus district is part of the densely populated and economically powerful metropolitan area Frankfurt/Rhein-Main. It is also strongly influenced by the idyllic Taunus uplands landscape with its partially rural structures. This synergy of scenic beauty, economic power and the urban location distinguishes the Hochtaunus district in a very special way plus the historically grown cultural wealth of the towns and communities, which add to the attractiveness of this district.
The Duchy of Nassau as well as the Landgraviate of Hessen-Homburg, to which the district mainly belonged before 1866, had no administrative districts. After the annexation by Prussia, the Nassau Departments Königstein and Usingen and the Landgraviate Office of Homburg – which comprised a total of 88 towns and communes – were united as the Obertaunus district. In the course of an administrative reform the northern half-district was liberated as the independent administrative district Usingen. Between 1918 and 1928, the administration occupied by the French had their own supportive administration “Hilfskreis Königstein”. After being dissolved in 1928, several districts in the southwest area were assigned to the re-organised Main-Taunus district. The small and economically weak district Usingen was re-incorporated in the Obertaunus discrict in 1932, only to be re-established one year later in the course of the national-socialist takeover. It took until 1st August 1972 for both semi-districts to be reunited – this time under the name “Hochtaunus district”.
Added Value and Transport
The Hochtaunus district is home to a row of successful, international companies – from medium-size to DAX corporations. The most important industries are consulting companies, the automation and healthcare industries, which is especially relevant in both spa towns Bad Homburg v.d.H. and Königstein. Located in the centre of the Frankfurt/Rhein-Main region, which belongs to the most important traffic hubs in Germany, the Hochtaunus district benefits as a business location from the Frankfurt International Airport as well as the motorway and railway hubs.
The Hochtaunus district itself is well connected due to an excellent road network, two motorways, several suburban and regional railway lines and two underground railway lines.
Apart from the transport infrastructure the Hochtaunus district is also popular as a business and residential location due to the other areas of the public infrastructure such as the new Hochtaunus clinics built 2012-2014 in Bad Homburg and Usingen as well as the 59 schools in which the district has invested nearly one billion Euros since the year 2000.
Landscapes, tourist attractions and culture
The Hochtaunus area forms the core area of the Taunus, with the low-mountain range documented as a nature park. The Taunus mountain range, with its peak “The Grosse Feldberg”, crosses through the district from west to east, dividing it into the densely populated front area and the rural-idyllic area around Usingen. Remains from over 2000 years can be found in this area, there are Celtic settlements, medieval castles and cities, the baroque castle in Homburg and also masterpieces from the times of Wilhelm II, that remind us of the prime time of Bad Homburg when it was the Emperor’s chosen spa town and summer residence. The Upper Germanic Rhetian Limes is listed as a World Cultural Heritage Site and its most impressive part crosses through the Hochtaunus district. The history of the former Roman boundaries is well-documented in the reconstructed Roman Fort Saalburg. Not far from that is the Hessenpark, an open-air museum and the second most important museum in Hessen. Of special literal-historical importance within the region are the two longer stays of Friedrich Hölderlein in Homburg.